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Glossary: g

G-4 This is for "Good" (the grade) and "4" (the numerical designation of the grade). The major details of the coin will be worn flat. Minor wear into the rims is allowable, but the peripheral lettering will be nearly full. See also Good.

G-6 This is for "Good" (the grade) and "6" (the numerical designation of the grade). A higher grade (i.e., less worn) than a G-4 coin. The rims will be complete and the peripheral lettering will be full. See also Good.

galvano The large metal relief used in the portrait lathe from which a positive reduction in steel, called a hub, is made.

Garrett Short for the Garrett family. The two main collectors, Thomas H. Garrett and John W. Garrett, formed this extensive collection from the late 1800s through the early 1900s. Later, it was given to Johns Hopkins University and was sold in five auction sales. This provenance on a numismatic item is as coveted as an Eliasberg pedigree.

Gem Adjectival description applied to Mint State and Proof-65 coins. It also is used for higher grades and as a generic term for a superb coin.

Gem BU Short for Gem Brilliant Uncirculated.

Gem Unc Short for Gem Uncirculated.

Gem Uncirculated The adjectival equivalent of Mint State 65 or 66.

Gobrecht Short for “Gobrecht dollar.”

Gobrecht dollar The silver dollars dated 1836, 1838, and 1839 struck in those years and restruck later (some 1836-dated coins were struck in 1837). These are named for their designer, Christian Gobrecht, Chief Engraver from 1840 to 1844 but defacto engraver when William Kneass suffered his stroke in 1835.

gold Obviously, the precious metal. Also, slang for any United States gold issues.

gold commem Short for gold commemorative.

gold commemorative Any of the eleven commemorate coins struck in gold from 1903 until 1925. Also, any of the modern United States commemorative gold issues, sometimes called modern gold commems.

gold dollar The small coins of one dollar denomination struck from 1849 until 1889.

Good The adjective corresponding to the grades G-4 and G-6. Coins in these grades usually have little detail but outlined major devices. On some coins, the rims may be worn to the tops of some letters.

grade The numerical or adjectival condition of a coin.

grader An individual who evaluates the condition of coins.

grading The process of numerically quantifying the condition of a coin. Before the adoption of the Sheldon numerical system, coins were given descriptive grades such as Good, Very Good, Fine, and so forth.

Greysheet Slang for Coin Dealer Newsletter.

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